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The Six Days and 14 Billion Years of Relativistic Creationism

As a followup to my post introducing the concept of Relativistic Creationism, I want now to lay out a description of each day viewed both from the Universal Frame of Reference (UFOR) and Earth’s Frame of Reference (EFOR). The UFOR is the perspective from which I believe Genesis 1 is written – most likely written from the perspective of the gravitational center of the universe, the point of the start of Creation, what scientists call “the Big Bang Singularity“, a place which experienced near-infinite “gravity well” space distortion so unimaginable that the laws of physics broke down (something scientists are quick to acknowledge – an interesting fact).

As a theory unifying the Young-Earth and Old-Earth Creationist views of Genesis 1, I believe this understanding makes the best explanation of how the events outlined in that chapter could occur in 6 sequential 24-hour days, as the text seems to intend to convey, within that singularity AND how those same events could appear to have occurred over billions of years when viewed from our frame of reference on earth. As you will see below, the sequence and timing from the Genesis 1 account aligns remarkably well with the measured dates of key events in Creation. Let’s explore each day one at a time…

DAY 1: 13.7 Billion years ago to ~ 8.1 BYA EFOR

In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters. And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. And God saw that the light was good. And God separated the light from the darkness. God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day. — Gen 1:1-5

There is significant evidence that the Big Bang occurred a little more than 13.7 Billion years ago (as perceived by us today from EFOR), with the formation of space, time, energy, and matter (in the form of a plasma of sub-atomic particles). Soon thereafter the subatomic particles had cooled sufficiently to form hydrogen gas; this formation released radiation which is still measurable today in every direction in the universe, called the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation, and also enabled the universe to shift from being opaque to transparent. Contrary to popular misconception, visible light wasn’t immediately created but came as a second step after the Big Bang – just as described in Genesis; the universe was dark for the first ~ 400 million years, less than 1/10th of “Day 1”, until “first light”, when hydrogen clouds cooled and coalesced in sufficient quantity to form stars, with enough gravitational force to initiate fusion.

These first stars in the universe were massive and burned quickly until they reached supernova status. As stars age, heavier and heavier elements (those with more protons and neutrons in the nucleus) are forged in their interior, progressing from Hydrogen to Helium, then Carbon, Oxygen, Neon, Magnesium, Silicon, and finally Iron, which does not release energy when fused. When a star fuses its core into Iron, energy generation from fusion stops, and the entire star collapses in on itself, until the density is so intense that it explodes into a supernova, spewing the newly formed larger atoms into the surrounding interstellar space and leaving behind incredibly dense neutron stars. Elements heavier than iron are formed when neutron stars later collide in very powerful explosions. These initial supernovae and neutron stars formed the raw materials of planets, and began the formation of galaxies, including our Milky Way, beginning about one billion years EFOR from the Big Bang. The processes of star formation, fusion, supernovae and neutron star formation continue to this day.

The length of day 1 EFOR ~ 5.6 billion years would have been experienced in the UFOR – the frame of reference I believe Genesis was written from within – as 24 hours of time, yielding an average time dilation factor ~ 2 trillion. In that period of time God created from nothing all space, time, energy and matter, including the types of elements and molecules which would form the earth, although at this time it was still “formless and void”.

DAY 2: 8.2 BYA – 4.7 BYA EFOR

And God said, “Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters.” And God made the expanse and separated the waters that were under the expanse from the waters that were above the expanse. And it was so. And God called the expanse Heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, the second day. — Gen 1:6-8

Around 4.7 billion years ago, our solar system was formed by the gravitational attraction and subsequent collapse of a cloud of molecules, including gas and heavier elements from previous supernovae (in fact the additional gravity causing this cloud to begin spinning as a disk may have been triggered by a supernova). In time, the vast majority of the material had fallen into the center of the spinning disk, eventually creating sufficient gravity to initiate fusion and light our sun. Other local collections of molecules had sufficient centrifugal force from the spin that they avoided being pulled into the sun, but instead were pulled together by gravity with other molecules at a similar radius from the center. The heavier elements in the cloud ended up at shorter radii, and formed the “rocky” planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars). Further away, the “gas giant” planets (Jupiter, Saturn, Neptune and Uranus) formed in more distant orbits around the sun. There is also a rocky asteroid belt between Mars’ and Jupiter’s orbits, which was apparently too far from either planet to be pulled into their formation, but was nonetheless blocked from coalescing as a planet itself due to their gravities – particularly Jupiter’s, which is enormous.

The length of day 2 EFOR ~ 3.5 billion years would also have been experienced in the UFOR as 24 hours of time, yielding an average time dilation factor ~ 1.25 trillion. In that day God created the “expanse” – our solar system – and separated the earth out of it, as it was still in the final stages of forming at the close of this day, as a water-covered sphere of iron and other heavy elements, with a surrounding atmosphere far more opaque that today, both thicker and with a significantly higher ratio of CO2 to oxygen (something closer to Venus’ opaque atmosphere).

Technical note: For the purposes of this article, I’ve used a logarithmic time dilation curve with a ratio of 0.618 for the length of each subsequent day to its predecessor. It’s clear from Relativity that the time dilation must slow progressively, as the gravity-well distortion at the point of the Big Bang lessened, (or as the velocity of the edge of the universe slowed). There are myriad ways it might be modeled; that question is outside the scope of this article, and outside my expertise. Dr. Schroeder used a ratio of 0.5 in a logarithmic slowing dilation, beginning 15.75 billion years ago with day 1 lasting 8 billion years. I’ve chosen the factor 0.618 because it elapses time down from 13.74 billion years EFOR (a more accurate/recent estimate of the age of the universe) with day 1 lasting 5.6 billion years, across 6 days UFOR, and in doing so, actually aligns the timing of each day to the measured evidence scientists see today for each major event of Creation. I am supremely certain the actual Time dilation deceleration is not as simple as a daily reduction at a flat rate; no doubt the slowing would have occurred on a curve, possibly punctuated by varying effects. The main point is not the exact math, but the concept that a logarithmically slowing Time dilation can absolutely explain the differences in the experience of time from the universal frame of reference vs. earth’s.

DAY 3: 4.7 BYA – 2.6 BYA EFOR

And God said, “Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear.” And it was so. God called the dry land Earth, and the waters that were gathered together he called Seas. And God saw that it was good. And God said, “Let the earth sprout vegetation, plants yielding seed, and fruit trees bearing fruit in which is their seed, each according to its kind, on the earth.” And it was so. The earth brought forth vegetation, plants yielding seed according to their own kinds, and trees bearing fruit in which is their seed, each according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. And there was evening and there was morning, the third day. — Gen 1:9-13

Scientists believe that the Earth was completely covered in water after it was formed, until 2.7 billion years ago, when dry land first appeared. In the world’s oceans, simple life began even earlier, around 3.5 BYA – right in the middle of day 3. There is evidence that early life “colonized” land soon after it appeared, but it must be admitted that these were simple organisms e.g. prokaryotes, and not “vegetation, plants yielding seed” or “trees bearing fruit” until many years into day 4.

Hugh Ross notes in Navigating Genesis that the Hebrew nouns used here: zera‘, ‘ēṣ, and perî, mean, respectively, “semen” or “the embryos of any plant species”, “any large plant containing woody fiber” and “the food and/or embryos produced by any living thing”. zera‘ and perî could refer to any plant species that has ever existed. When God said “Let the earth sprout vegetation”, He was initiating a process which eventually yielded trees bearing fruit and other large plant life.

(I admit that lack of maturity in early plants on Time-dilated day 3 is a weakness of the theory, and one which Dr. Schroeder also found in his model. He tries to mitigate this issue by referencing a medieval Jewish scholar, Nahmanides, who states that “there was no special day assigned for this command for [land vegetation], since it is not a unique work.” This timing issue is not enough to dissuade me of the larger truth in view, but it is one on which I hope further scientific study or a more detailed mathematical model for the Time dilation might cast more light…)

The length of day 3 EFOR ~ 2.1 billion years would also have been experienced in the UFOR as 24 hours of time, yielding an average time dilation factor ~ 775 billion. In that day God separated the dry land from the seas, created the first life in the world’s oceans, and the earliest forms of plant life on land.

DAY 4: 2.6 BYA – 1.3 BYA EFOR

And God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night. And let them be for signs and for seasons, and for days and years, and let them be lights in the expanse of the heavens to give light upon the earth.” And it was so. And God made the two great lights — the greater light to rule the day and the lesser light to rule the night — and the stars. And God set them in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth, to rule over the day and over the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. And God saw that it was good. And there was evening and there was morning, the fourth day. — Gen 1:14-19

At first glance, this day of Creation might seem to present problems for the theory. After all, science has strong evidence that the sun, moon and stars had already been created, as parts of the “expanse” in the timeframe we’re placing within day two. In reality, though, this day aligns elegantly with the sequence of events measured and theorized by scientists. The key is the transparency of the earth’s atmosphere…

Scientists believe a planet or enormous asteroid smashed into the earth soon after it was formed, forming the moon (also giving the earth our axis-tilt which has been key to stabilizing our climate). The impact also blew the vast majority of earth’s initial atmosphere out of our gravity into space. Also, regardless of how simple plant life was on day 3, it had certainly become fully developed by day 4, and via photosynthesis, had proceeded to generate enormous quantities of oxygen, dropping the CO2/oxygen ratio significantly.

These factors worked together to make the earth’s atmosphere transparent for the first time in this day of creation, meaning also that for the first time, there were lights in the sky which could be used for signs and seasons, days and years. “Let there be” (yehi in Hebrew) can mean to “create” or to “fashion”… Also it helps to realize how poetic this part of the account is, with the descriptions of the sun and moon “ruling” the day and night. It is possible to claim that the sun rules the day, but the moon is visible equally often in daytime and at night, and the moon is not visible during half of all nighttime hours. Certainly God did not misunderstand how the moon orbits the earth! He simply inspired a poetic description of what was, after all, a beautiful set of actions! From the perspective of the earth, this unveiling on day 4 would have appeared exactly as the creation of the sun and moon.

The length of day 4 EFOR ~ 1.3 billion years would also have been experienced in the UFOR as 24 hours of time, yielding an average time dilation factor ~ 479 billion. In that day God cleared the earth’s atmosphere to give visibility to the lights in the expanse of the heavens, and to the sun and moon, which are regular in their appearance cycles to enable us to use them for signs and seasons, to measure days and years.

DAY 5: 1.3 BYA – 501 MYA EFOR

And God said, “Let the waters swarm with swarms of living creatures, and let [flying things] fly above the earth across the expanse of the heavens.” So God created the great sea creatures and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarm, according to their kinds, and every [flying thing] according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. And God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the waters in the seas, and let [flying things] multiply on the earth.” And there was evening and there was morning, the fifth day. — Gen 1:20-23

Days 5 and 6 may be the very strongest evidence of the elegant alignment of this theory to scientific evidence. Beginning about 541 million years ago, scientists find compelling evidence of an incredible increase in the forms of animal life in an era they call the “Cambrian Explosion”. This represents the most amazing evidence of Creation in earth’s history. Scientists are still baffled in searching for natural causes to such an increase in the variety of forms of life, which began in the world’s oceans. Consider how amazing this fact is – that our scientists today can see fossil evidence of a major explosion of life, first in the oceans and later moving to land (on day 6) – and yet they have no explanation of why or when it occurred.

Gregory Wray, in the journal American Zoologist, stated: “The Cambrian explosion of body plans is perhaps the single most striking feature of the metazoan fossil record. The rapidity with which phyla and classes appeared during the early Paleozoic, coupled with much lower rates of appearance for higher taxa since, poses an outstanding problem for macroevolution.”

The time alignment of the Cambrian explosion, both in the seas and on land, to this theory, is a unification and explanation for the first time of one of the most amazing acts of Creation and one of the most powerful and mysterious scientifically measured events of Creation. It is only when viewing Genesis and science through Relativistic Creationism that the Cambrian Explosion can be understood as the fossil evidence of what God did on days 5 and 6, two 24-hour days, while at the same time understanding that those events occurred hundreds of millions of years ago from earth’s frame of reference.

There is one difficulty with the reading of the text from this perspective though. The reference to “flying things” is the Hebrew word “ser” which is usually translated as “birds”, but the only “flying things” which would have appeared in this timeframe in the scientific record are insects. (Up to now, at least, evidence for birds, which are similar to dinosaurs and appear after them in the fossil record, will not appear until well into the next day.) There are some exceptions (e.g. the Christian Standard Bible and International Standard Version) which translate the word “ser” in Genesis 1 as “winged creatures” or “flying things”, but this is not the orthodox translation. Also, only a few early insects possessed wings.

Insects are not specifically referenced in Genesis 1, and there is plentiful scientific evidence that they appeared on this day of Creation, but those facts alone seem insufficient to wipe away the difficulty, so I acknowledge this as a weakness in the theory. Having said that, this issue is not enough to dissuade me of the larger truth in view, and particularly the power of the prediction of the Cambrian explosion, complete even with a day break at the ideal spot between the creation of ocean life and animal life on land. Maybe there was confusion among early scribes about the meaning of “flying things” and they assumed this must mean birds, OR maybe eventually we will one day find earlier evidence for the appearance of birds on earth. To me, viewed alongside the larger truth clearly visible in this day of Creation, the issue of the arrival date of birds shrinks in importance.

The length of day 5 EFOR ~ 810 million years would also have been experienced in the UFOR as 24 hours of time, yielding an average time dilation factor ~ 296 billion. In that day God created all kinds of complex life in the world’s oceans, as well as insects, including some flying insects.

DAY 6: 501 MYA – 10,000 years ago EFOR

And God said, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to their kinds—livestock and creeping things and beasts of the earth according to their kinds.” And it was so. And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds and the livestock according to their kinds, and everything that creeps on the ground according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. — Gen 1:24-25

Building on the Cambrian Explosion which began the previous day in the oceans, scientists see evidence for the first amphibians who moved onto land 370 million years ago, followed by the first reptiles 320 MYA. Dinosaurs appeared 225 MYA, followed by the first mammals around 200 MYA. Evidence of the first birds dates from around 150 MYA. Again, it it amazing testimony of God’s authorship of Genesis 1 that it correctly describes the sequence of these events millenia before there was any method of studying fossils or determining their relative ages. Further, I believe it’s strong evidence of the truth of Relativistic Creationism that it aligns the Genesis 1 timing with the relative measured ages so clearly.

Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. And God blessed them. And God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it, and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over every living thing that moves on the earth.” And God said, “Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the face of all the earth, and every tree with seed in its fruit. You shall have them for food. And to every beast of the earth and to every bird of the heavens and to everything that creeps on the earth, everything that has the breath of life, I have given every green plant for food.” And it was so. And God saw everything that he had made, and behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day. — Gen 1:26-31

I define “human” as “homo sapiens“, for which evidence and fossils have been found as much as 275,000 – 300,000 years old. Here some may take issue with calling all homo sapiens “human”, and insist that only homo sapiens sapiens be considered, but I believe this is the most consistent definition, as there are literally no physical differences between earlier homo sapiens and any of us living on the planet today. (I plan to take up this question in a followup post about the ramifications of Relativistic Creationism to Genesis 2. To give a quick summary of what will be a full article on its own: I believe the Relativistic Creation theory solves many Genesis mysteries, including why Genesis 2 is a second Creation account, who Cain could have married, for whom the mark of Cain was intended, the identity of the “giants” and the Nephilim, and why evidence for writing (Cuneiform), advanced tools, agriculture and shepherding all appeared right at the time of Adam & Eve.)

Fossils of other similar species have been found reaching back further, including homo australopithecus, homo erectus, and homo neanderthalensis, but these I consider extinct animal species and not truly “human”. God does not tell us about each and every species He created in Genesis 1, nor does He need to. But He does tell us about man. These Genesis 1 humans, known to scientists as Early Modern Man or Cro-Magnon man, were the same as us anatomically and genetically, but I believe they were lacking one key element – a soul (“nephesh”) – which God will breath later into Adam in Genesis 2:7.

The length of day 6 EFOR ~ 501 million years would also have been experienced in the UFOR as 24 hours of time, yielding an average time dilation factor ~ 183 billion. In that day God created all the varieties of animal life on land, and then created humankind, homo sapiens.

The Alignment of the Days of Creation with Scientific Measurements of Creation Events becomes clear when viewed Relativistically, factoring in Time dilation

Consider that the words of Genesis 1 have been stored in ink for thousands of years, but only in the last 100 years have we gained enough knowledge to see clearly how true they actually are, and to find confirmation of the account in scientific study! Prior to that point, scientists generally believed that the universe had existed for an infinite period of time. The fact that science eventually found evidence for a unique moment of creation – even if they call it the “Big Bang” – is amazing.

Since then the great debate has raged on the vastly different ages implied for the universe by science and Genesis 1. I believe Relativity – something only understood by humankind for the last century! – likewise sheds lights on the scientific evidence we see from EFOR and how it might very well indeed align to a MUCH shorter age of the universe, when compared to a different Frame of Reference, such as the gravity well of the Big Bang singularity…

Keep an open mind, and we will explore further. Check back for other followup posts about the ramifications of Relativistiv Creationism of our understanding of other aspects of Creation.

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Relativistic Creationism – Genesis 1 in 6 Days AND 14 Billion Years

How old is the earth? Untold numbers of books, essays and articles have been written, arguments and debates held on this subject, dividing even the Judeo-Christian world. Opinion among believers is divided into these categories, among others…

  • Young-Earth Genesis literalists
  • Old-Earth Day-Age Theorists
  • Old-Earth Gap Theorists
  • Old-Earth Framework Hypothesists

Names have been called. Churches have been ripped apart. Whole ministries have been formed on separate sides of the question to advocate for their position. The conflict is real, and it comes from well-meaning intent. Young Earth believers feel that Old Earth Creationists are compromising with science and the secular world in taking anything but a literal 6 24-day interpretation of Genesis. Old Earth believers feel that in one way or another, the language of Genesis is special, as it conveys historical events of the sweeping impact of Creation, and that due to this fact and/or the significant amount of evidence science has stacked up for an older universe, Young Earthers are naive in their insistence on the 6 24-hour duration of the Creation events; some believe it may later be seen to be as misguided as the Catholic Church’s treatment of Galileo.

My deep study of Creation has strengthened my Faith

I have struggled with this question for my entire adult life. I’ve been writing this blog for over six years; I’ve sat down to write this article multiple times, only to pull back and delete my drafts because of my lack of certainty. Finally, after all these years of study, and after reading 20+ books on the subject, I have found an answer to this question which I believe is the best explanation BOTH of what we see in the evidence in the world and universe around us, AND what is written in the book of Genesis.

In fact, coming to this view has strengthened my faith and my awe at the proof it represents that God is the author of the Creation account in Genesis 1. Those words have been stored in ink for millenia, but only since the 20th century have we gained enough knowledge to see clearly how true they actually are. Less than 100 years ago, scientists believed that the universe had no beginning; their view couldn’t have been further from the Judeo-Christian view of Creation…

Advances in scientific knowledge over the last 100 years have brought science more in line with Genesis than ever before

“The first gulp from the glass of natural sciences will turn you into an atheist, but at the bottom of the glass God is waiting for you.” — Werner Heisenberg

In the last century, this perceived gap between scientific and religious views on Creation has been closing significantly; discoveries about the universe’s beginning and its fine-tuning for Life make it increasingly difficult for scientists to hold a view that the universe came into being due to random chance. I believe taking a Relativistic view of Creation closes the gap completely, proving beyond a doubt that the words of Genesis must have been inspired by God Almighty. It proves that they are true in a straightforward reading, right alongside straightforward scientific evidence.

This view actually encapsulates both Young- and Old-Earth Creationist views. It is not a perfect explanation for all questions on the table from both sides, but I do feel that people holding any of the four views from the list above can probably agree with most of my views. That’s not a proof that I’m right, but it’s a positive aspect. It doesn’t align to everyone though; anyone who believes that God used Evolution for His creation will likely reject this view, given that I reject Evolution. But I DO believe I can agree to the core beliefs of ALL the groups in the list above, and that they can align to mine.

How is this possible? By utilizing the expanded view of Time and the concept of Time dilation we’ve understood since the publication of Einstein’s Special and General Theories of Relativity – 1905 & 1915. And beyond appealing to differing Creationist views, I hope that reconsidering the question in this light might be good food for thought for those who have rejected God completely due to perceived conflicts between Genesis and science…

Stop here until you understand Einstein’s Theories of Relativity and their impact on the concept of Time

Please read about Relativity before proceeding much farther, because unfortunately my position is impossible to grasp without understanding the true nature of Time, particularly Time dilation, the concept that observers in two different frames of reference will experience the passing of time differently – potentially VERY differently, depending on their relative velocities and local gravitational fields. This has been so well proven that many believe we should shift to calling Einstein’s work the “Laws” of Relativity, not just “Theories”.

To be clear, I am not the first person to apply this science to Creation and Genesis, although I haven’t found any writers with whom I completely agree either. The two authors closest to my view are:

  • Gerald Schroeder, who articulates his analysis of the Time dilation in the 6 days of Creation in the book The Science of God and elsewhere. I was very much influenced and inspired by Schroeder on the topic of Time Dilation; but sadly he is a non-Messianic Jew and a Theistic Evolutionist, so I cannot endorse his book or his views completely.
  • Hugh Ross, founder of Reasons to Believe, who is a Creationist who denies Evolution, but who espouses both the Gap Theory and Day-Age Theory to explain Genesis in an Old-Earth view in his book Navigating Genesis and elsewhere, without consideration of possible impact of Relativity or Time dilation.

Other authors have published related ideas referencing Relativity, targeted at a solution specifically of distant starlight measured to be billions of years old, including:

In my view, these books make an error in narrowing the impact of Relativity only to distant starlight. To me it’s clear not just when we look at distant light, but also at evidence of the age of our local star, the sun, that it becomes clear that a relativistic view of time is needed to understand the entire alignment between Genesis and the universe. (Some geological proof on earth seems convincing, and some is not, but the age of our sun seems far more clear-cut because the physics is so much simpler there…)

Shockingly though, of all the ink that has been spilled on the topic of Creation and the age of the universe, there isn’t much more than a few works written on the topic of the impact on Relativity on Time in Creation. As much as Relativity has been proven over and again to be an accurate model of space & time, views on Genesis continue to generally rest on an earth-focused view of time, with no Relativistic effects taken into consideration.

It’s an interesting omission – a proven truth about the space-time comprising our universe, mostly missing from the myriad intense conversations about the most widely acknowledged account of one of the most important aspects of that universe – its creation.

The key of Time dilation is that the “relative difference” between the velocities and/or gravitational fields at two difference points of reference cause the experience of time to differ. In the course of our normal lives on earth, this difference is rarely noticed, because our relative speeds are so small compared to the speed of light, and the variance of gravity across any of the places humankind has ever visited is very moderate compared to other places in the universe and other points of time.

At higher speeds or higher gravitational fields, the dilation becomes more significant. But small differences in time have even been noticed in identical clocks compared after one has made an airplane trip, such as in the famous Hafele–Keating experiment. In fact, over time, a clock at the top of a tower will always run very slightly ahead of one at the tower’s base because of the small difference in gravity fields.

Time dilation explains that there are different experiences of the passing of time during the Creation events

Time dilation is a proven fact, and is absolutely an aspect of Time as God created it. In fact, it’s an aspect which holds the key to understanding Creation from both the perspectives of science and Genesis. This is the key insight that was really a breakthrough for me. This is the insight which enables me to reconcile Young- and Old-Earth positions. It explains how Genesis 1 could describe Creation as six 24-hour days, while at the same time evidence viewed on and from earth clearly indicates that our universe and solar system are billions of years old.

Genesis 1 is written from God’s perspective, or more technically, since He is outside space-time per se, I believe it is written from one particular frame of reference in the universe. It’s possible this is the advancing edge of the universe, which would have experienced extreme velocity, but I believe it’s far more likely written from the perspective of the gravitational center of the universe, the point of the start of Creation, what scientists call “the Big Bang Singularity“, a place which experienced near-infinite “gravity well” space distortion so unimaginable that the laws of physics broke down (something scientists are quick to acknowledge – an interesting fact). The “Universal Frame of Reference” (UFOR) could be either of these points, because the effects of Relativity in dilating time occur both from large gravities and large velocities. So either way, from the UFOR, the events of the Creation occur over six 24-hour days. AND because of Relativistic Time dilation – i.e. the (almost incalculably) smaller gravity/velocity on earth – those same events seem to have taken millions or billions of years when measured or theorized from earth’s frame of reference (EFOR)…

Young-Earth Creationist, consider in what you’ve placed your faith about the time-table of Genesis 1

You desire to keep the most straightforward reading of the first chapter’s Creation account, holding that the events described there occurred as described, in the order described, during 6 adjacent 24-hour days. My theory achieves this goal, and adds to it the strengthening of a tremendous amount of scientific evidence you can fully grasp and align with. Is it difficult to believe that the account of the Creation of the entire universe was written from the perspective of a different point of space than earth, or that Relativity proves to us that this means far more years have elapsed from earth’s perspective?

Hopefully your commitment to Truth stops with the goal of a straightforward reading with 24-hour days, and does not extend to make you purposefully adversarial to how science sees the world. While it is true that Evolutionists have used older ages of the earth as a basis for their claims, the falsehood of Evolution does not imply any particular age for the universe (as measured by us here on earth).

Old-Earth Creationist, consider in what you’ve placed your faith about the time-table of Genesis 1

You desire not to view God as a God of deception, but that everything we see around us in nature should be expected to align (to the extent we see it rightly, through the lens of correct scientific theory) with the account of God’s Creation in Genesis 1. My theory achieves this goal, and adds to it the strengthening that it enables a straightforward interpretation of the length of the days in the Creation account. Is it difficult to believe that the account of the Creation of the entire universe was written from the perspective of a different point of space than earth, or that Relativity proves to us that this means time would have elapsed much more slowly there, meaning far less time has elapsed, from that perspective?

Hopefully your commitment to Truth stops with the goal that science should align with God’s Creation account, and does not extend to make you purposefully adversarial to a reading of Genesis 1 as six 24-hour days. While it is true that Relativistic Creationism is a very unusual theory, ask yourself whether it’s not perfectly reasonable that Relativity would have been in effect the same from the beginning of time as it is today.

Atheist, consider in what you’ve placed your faith about the creation of our universe

You desire to stand on truth, and not simply accept an account of creation which has been handed down through the generations. You desire to have evidence to which you can point for support of your position, measured and proven by scientists. But consider how amazing it is that writings over 3000 years old align so amazingly well to the actual sequence of events of creation (see below). There is no other ancient writing like it in the world, and the advancing wave of science has done nothing but align it more closely over the last century. Consider also, how fine-tuned our universe is for our planet even to be here – a series of coincidences which requires a enormous “leap of faith” to attribute to random chance. And finally, consider the implausibility of Evolution in explaining the creation of Life – something Darwin himself did not even believe.

Hopefully your commitment to truth makes you equally willing to throw off scientific paradigms, just as you’ve thrown off religious ones, when they fail to align with the best synthesis of all the facts in front of you. Consider whether this theory might not make more sense of the undeniable things you know than a reliance on random chance…

Genesis 1 comes to us from the Hand of God

In reviewing the days of Creation alongside the best information scientists have in their hands currently about our measurable universe, I hope you’ll feel the awe that I feel at the absolute marvel of Genesis 1 – the incredible alignment and sequencing of this short account to what we have taken millenia to learn about the universe around us. It is a creation account so different from all of the other cultures and religions (see here for a summary and comparison) that it leaves no doubt that it was written by the God of Creation…

I believe viewing Genesis and the universe through this “Relativistic” model makes sense of both better than any other theory or model. It is not perfect, but it is 99%+ aligned to the best scientific evidence and theories of our time (literally hundreds of points aligned to the timing and sequence of Creation events), while also aligning to the core beliefs of both Young-Earth and Old-Earth Creationists.

Of course there are ramifications of this view on our understanding of every other aspect of Genesis, of Creation science, and our understanding of the origins of mankind. I have considered many of these in conjunction with my adoption of this view, and will be treating each of them and giving more details in followup posts; I hope you’ll join me in those next steps exploring this way of understanding both Genesis’ and science’s account of how our universe came to be.

Next step: a detailed analysis of each “day” of Creation from both frames of reference.

The Counter-Cultural Courage of Homeschooling Homemakers

We are promised in the Bible that if we live out our Christian faith – truly put Christian teachings into practice in our lives – we will be persecuted by society at large, and not accepted…

You will be hated by all for my name’s sake. — Matthew 10:22a

Indeed, all who desire to live a godly life in Christ Jesus will be persecuted. — 2 Timothy 3:12

Notice that we’re not promised persecution for merely professing Christ; that is something perceived as harmless by most unbelievers in the world, unless coupled with real action in how we live life.

Homemaking and homeschooling are great cases in point. Homemaking in general has come under fire by everyone from Hillary Clinton to Kyrsten Sinema. And young girls get the message loud and clear that to really “make something of your life” you must go out and get a job… It is tragic, and it is killing our national character.

Contrast this with commentary from a few centuries ago. Have we “progressed” in our views on the trade-offs of salary vs. maternal childcare? Or is the postmodern world the side who has gone far far off the track? Francois de Salignac de La Mothe Fenelon (a man with quite a name, eh?) in his 1687 classic known as The Wisdom of Fenelon, says this about the primacy of mothers and their education of children at home…

It is the home that lays the foundation of a child’s future. It is a woman who holds the key to her children’s heart in the early years of childhood. She has the privilege of weaving God’s eternal truth into the daily lives of her children while they are still young and tender. A woman who is a mother, is she not greater than he that ruleth a city?… A judicious woman, who is diligent and virtuous, is the soul of her family… What will become of children, who will in the end form the human race, if their mothers spoil them in their early years? Behold, then, the duties of women, which are not less important to the public than those of men… The vices of men can for the most part be traced back either to the evil influence or lack of influence of their mothers…

I am sure there are talented, devoted childcare workers and nannies out there, geniuses even, who take every opportunity to pass on their knowledge to the children in their care. Even those children, though, will never have the benefit, the deep-seated knowledge in their soul, that their mother loved them so much she made their upbringing the focus of her life during their childhood years. Knowing that no arbitrage of paycheck to daycare cost was sufficient to tempt her away, to outsource their upbringing and the discipleship of their young soul to someone else, no matter how devoted or talented they might be.

It cannot be conceived that anyone in the world could be better to raise a child than a dedicated mother

C.S. Lewis gave this great quote on the topic:

The homemaker has the ultimate career. All other careers exist for one purpose only – and that is to support the ultimate career.

Fathers, for our part, should see it as the wisest trade-off imaginable to forego extra money in the bank account for the deepest, most child-tailored, long-term focused, loving training possible for his children. Indeed this is so critical that I felt this was one of the most appealing attributes of my wife – an attribute which in no small part caused me to want to make her my wife – that she saw child-rearing and homemaking as the highest best use of her time, once that season of life would arrive.

Homemakers and homeschooling moms, don’t give a care for the “baking cookies” and “leeching” comments of feminist Democratic candidates, or from Hollywood or anywhere else. Know instead, along with Fenelon, that you have the privilege of weaving God’s eternal truth into the daily lives of your children! It is the ultimate act of love, and indeed the only vocation with eternal significance.

The Beauty and Mess of 21st Century Christian Courtship

The beauty: brides and grooms who’ve never kissed anyone but their spouse, who entered marriage with no relationship scars or baggage, giving that purity as a gift to each other.

The mess: 35 year-old single women desperate to be married and have children, who can’t find any prospects interested in more than fun and pleasure; 35 year-old men not desperate to be married or have children, who are focused on their careers and “playing the field”.

Both extremes are happening today in purity & courtship-minded Christian families. It’s wonderful; and it’s frightening.

The beauty: Parents in these families are part of a growing wave of Christians who are throwing off the world’s hookup culture; they are teaching their kids about purity and encouraging them to wait to “date with a purpose” or “court” until they’re within sight of being able to start their own household.

The mess: The median of young people’s romantic interactions has been degrading consistently since courtship ceased being the norm in western civilization in the 1800s. In the first half of the 1900s, “dating” entered the scene, although initially, “dates” were often between friends rather than to kindle romance. After WW2, dating became much more intimate, although usually in the context of an exclusive relationship (“going steady”); teen pregnancies began to occur with more frequency. And we’ve slid far from this point through the later 1900s and early 2000s into the “one night stand” hookup culture that is the norm today.

Today’s parents attempting to train their children according to Biblical principles are doing so without any example of social norms at all. We are experimenting with these concepts even as we’re extremely intent on helping our children both stay pure AND eventually find someone with whom they can spend their lives.

Without social norms to guide us and normalize expectations, even families who share a commitment to courtship often develop different standards and approaches, which can cause tension and pressure on young people

The beauty: Today there is a growing number of families whose parents are committing to courtship for their children, and most (but not all) kids in these families seem to embrace the concepts. They see what is so clear in the world around us – broken hearts and a cheapening of physical intimacy, leading to increased depression and even suicide, especially among young ladies. These families are standing up, not just against mainstream society, but often against their own extended families and neighbors as well, for a better way to approach the exploration of possible future spouses – a way that honors the individual, which opens a window on their major life philosophies and priorities before emotional attachment and physical attraction take over. Often, but not always, parents and siblings also interact with the young person’s potential mate, and are able to give their own (more level-headed) input as well. The concept is that by the time emotional bonds have grown and hormones flood the minds of the young people (and oh yes, that still happens in courtships! That’s how God made us!), they have much more of an understanding of the other’s interests, plans, strengths and weaknesses, and have had an opportunity to make an informed decision about whether they might be a good fit for marriage in the future. Thus are avoided myriad risks (and the resulting divorce rates) from the blind following of physical attraction as practiced by 99% of young people in America today.

The mess: Because there are no standard practices or guidelines, there are often points of tension between families, and even between the young people who come to the relationship with their own set of expectations not only for the role they will play, but the roles their suitor/girl will play, and how the parents & families will be involved. Sometimes the father of the young lady dictates how the entire process should go, which can cause some resentment for obvious reasons, particularly if he holds out the threat of blocking or canceling the courtship if others won’t abide by his rules. (I wrote a blog post on the topic of fathers with expectations too high of young men interested in their daughters.) In other cases, including one my family recently concluded with a joyous wedding, the young people and families work through differing expectations and find common ground.

Other issues have arisen in cases I’ve heard about, in which the young man “plays a role” during the initial exploration period, possibly learning a family’s beliefs and expectations for a suitor, falsely claiming those beliefs and faking those behaviors, in order to get access to the young lady, whose heart he intends to win by any means necessary. When those hormones start to flow, she is sometimes so smitten that he can convince her that her family’s rules about courtship and other matters are overly burdensome. (After all, they are significantly more stringent than the lack of rules enjoyed by 99% of the world around them. She can sometimes forget that those rules were for her own good.) These are tragic situations because the courtship process itself can become a reason for her to leave the family – all at the urging of a manipulative young man who knows unless he rips her from her family he will not be allowed to have her as his wife. (And I’m sure there may be cases where the young lady is the one doing the manipulation…)

The Bible gives us general guidelines, and we should hold any specific processes or criteria beyond that point very loosely.

The beauty: the Bible contains many verses encouraging purity and avoiding intimacy outside the bounds of marriage:

Now flee from youthful lusts and pursue righteousness, faith, love and peace, with those who call on the Lord from a pure heart. – 2 Tim 2:22

Marriage is to be held in honor among all, and the marriage bed is to be undefiled; for fornicators and adulterers God will judge. – Heb 13:4

Watch over your heart with all diligence, For from it flow the springs of life. – Prov 4:23

I adjure you, O daughters of Jerusalem, that you not stir up or awaken love until it pleases. – Songs 8:4

There are verses about father’s authority over a daughter’s vows until they are given in marriage to a husband:

If a woman vows a vow to the LORD and binds herself by a pledge, while within her father’s house in her youth, and her father hears of her vow and of her pledge by which she has bound herself and says nothing to her, then all her vows shall stand, and every pledge by which she has bound herself shall stand. But if her father opposes her on the day that he hears of it, no vow of hers, no pledge by which she has bound herself shall stand. And the LORD will forgive her, because her father opposed her. – Num 30:3-5

Proverbs, written to sons, warns of loose women who seek only pleasure. The same warnings can surely be given to young ladies about young men with the same “hookup” mindset:

Like a gold ring in a pig’s snout is a beautiful woman who shows no discretion. – Prov 11:22

The mouth of an adulterous woman is a deep pit; a man who is under the Lord’s wrath falls into it. – Prov 22:14

This is the way of an adulterous woman: She eats and wipes her mouth and says, ‘I’ve done nothing wrong.’ – Prov 30:20

The mess: the Lord has not given us Bible passages about HOW relationships leading to marriage should be sought or conducted. Abraham send a servant to find a wife for his son Isaac (Gen 24:4), but passages like the ones above and throughout the rest of the Bible make it clear this is not the norm God would have us follow. The absence of specific commands doesn’t mean that anything goes, but that Christian young people and their parents must find a way to apply the general principles above to the postmodern society in which we live.

  • Clearly there is wisdom in getting parents’ and even siblings’ input on a potential future spouse before things are too late, when a young person’s heart is tied to someone else, at which point if the family waves warning flags, it may more likely lead to separating the family from the couple than the couple from each other. Hopefully, of course, the young people themselves will want their families to meet the person they’re growing close to, but if parents stand back waiting until that moment arrives, it’s likely going to take awhile (this is an awkward thing, after all, “meeting the parents”, so why put someone through it unless you’re really getting serious), and is extremely likely to be offensive to the son or daughter to receive anything less than a resounding seal of approval of their intended.
  • There seems to be an equally large risk of parental and family involvement too early in the process, when young people have just met and are getting to know each other as friends; this could be viewed as domineering by the other young person, and “scare away” someone who might otherwise be interested in a son or daughter. A father’s authority over her vows is the Biblical basis for a young man asking her father for permission to propose to a young lady; but does that authority extend to controlling who a daughter can date or court, when no “vow” is in view? And let’s remember, the most important approval is of the young people to each other. Parents’ wisdom will be more level-headed looking for alignment on major life philosophies about religious beliefs, gender roles, parenting styles, etc. – but alignment on those topics alone is insufficient to ensure a happy match, and if tested too early in a relationship, may actually deflect its trajectory.

And so, we find ourselves with two ditches to avoid: involvement too little/late, or involvement too much/early. We must steer the best course we can, understanding that our hand is not really on the steering wheel, and we don’t have a roadmap to know the route the road follows.

One final passage of scripture gives us our best guidance on the topic. We must go to the Lord in prayer on this topic for our sons and daughters, that God would bring the right person into their lives and would guide their steps in getting to know new acquaintances in a way which honors God, protects their hearts and purity, but in the end will lead them to find that person with whom they’ll spend the rest of their lives…

Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. – Phil 4:6

What the Proverbs Say about Wisdom and Foolishness

Another installment of my series on What the Proverbs Say

My son, pay attention to what I say; turn your ear to my words. Do not let them out of your sight, keep them within your heart; for they are life to those who find them and health to one’s whole body. 4:20-22
My son, pay attention to my wisdom, turn your ear to my words of insight, that you may maintain discretion and your lips may preserve knowledge. 5:1-2
At the end of your life you will groan, when your flesh and body are spent. You will say, “How I hated discipline! How my heart spurned correction! I would not obey my teachers or turn my ear to my instructors. And I was soon in serious trouble in the assembly of God’s people.” 5:11-14
My son, keep your father’s command and do not forsake your mother’s teaching. Bind them always on your heart; fasten them around your neck. When you walk, they will guide you; when you sleep, they will watch over you; when you awake, they will speak to you. 6:20-22
My son, keep my words and store up my commands within you. Keep my commands and you will live; guard my teachings as the apple of your eye. Bind them on your fingers; write them on the tablet of your heart. 7:1-3
Hear, my son, your father’s instruction, and forsake not your mother’s teaching, for they are a graceful garland for your head and pendants for your neck. 1:8-9
Be wise, my son, and bring joy to my heart; then I can answer anyone who treats me with contempt. 27:11
My son, if you receive my words and treasure up my commandments with you, making your ear attentive to wisdom and inclining your heart to understanding; yes, if you call out for insight and raise your voice for understanding, if you seek it like silver and search for it as for hidden treasures, then you will understand the fear of the Lord and find the knowledge of God. 2:1-5
For the Lord gives wisdom; from his mouth come knowledge and understanding; he stores up sound wisdom for the upright; he is a shield to those who walk in integrity, guarding the paths of justice and watching over the way of his saints. 2:6-8
My son, do not forget my teaching, but let your heart keep my commandments, for length of days and years of life and peace they will add to you. 3:1-2
Let not steadfast love and faithfulness forsake you; bind them around your neck; write them on the tablet of your heart. So you will find favor and good success in the sight of God and man. 3:3-4
Trust in the Lord with all your heart, and do not lean on your own understanding. In all your ways acknowledge him, and he will make straight your paths. 3:5-6
Be not wise in your own eyes; fear the Lord, and turn away from evil. It will be healing to your flesh and refreshment to your bones. 3:7-8
My son, do not despise the Lord’s discipline or be weary of his reproof, for the Lord reproves him whom he loves, as a father the son in whom he delights. 3:11-12
My son, do not lose sight of these— keep sound wisdom and discretion, and they will be life for your soul and adornment for your neck. Then you will walk on your way securely, and your foot will not stumble. If you lie down, you will not be afraid; when you lie down, your sleep will be sweet. 3:21-24
Listen, my son, accept what I say, and the years of your life will be many. I instruct you in the way of wisdom and lead you along straight paths. When you walk, your steps will not be hampered; when you run, you will not stumble. Hold on to instruction, do not let it go; guard it well, for it is your life. 4:10-13
Stop listening to instruction, my son, and you will stray from the words of knowledge. 19:27
My son, if your heart is wise, then my heart will be glad indeed; my inmost being will rejoice when your lips speak what is right. 23:15-16
Eat honey, my son, for it is good; honey from the comb is sweet to your taste. Know also that wisdom is like honey for you: If you find it, there is a future hope for you, and your hope will not be cut off. 24:13-14
Fear the Lord and the king, my son, and do not join with rebellious officials, for those two will send sudden destruction on them, and who knows what calamities they can bring? 24:21-22

Why should fools have money in hand to buy wisdom, when they are not able to understand it? 17:16
It is not fitting for a fool to live in luxury — how much worse for a slave to rule over princes! 19:10
A fool’s mouth lashes out with pride, but the lips of the wise protect them. 14:3
The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge; fools despise wisdom and instruction. 1:7
How long, O simple ones, will you love being simple? How long will scoffers delight in their scoffing and fools hate knowledge? 1:22
For the simple are killed by their turning away, and the complacency of fools destroys them; but whoever listens to me will dwell secure and will be at ease, without dread of disaster.” 1:32-33
The wise will inherit honor, but fools get disgrace. 3:35
The wise in heart accept commands, but a chattering fool comes to ruin. 10:8
The wise store up knowledge, but the mouth of a fool invites ruin. 10:14
The words of the reckless pierce like swords, but the tongue of the wise brings healing. 12:18
The lips of the righteous nourish many, but fools die for lack of sense. 10:21
Whoever brings ruin on their family will inherit only wind, and the fool will be servant to the wise. 11:29
The way of fools seems right to them, but the wise listen to advice. 12:15
Fools show their annoyance at once, but the prudent overlook an insult. 12:16
The prudent keep their knowledge to themselves, but a fool’s heart blurts out folly. 12:23
All who are prudent act with knowledge, but fools expose their folly. 13:16
Stay away from a fool, for you will not find knowledge on their lips. 14:7
The wisdom of the prudent is to give thought to their ways, but the folly of fools is deception. 14:8
The wise woman builds her house, but with her own hands the foolish one tears hers down. 14:14
The wise fear the Lord and shun evil, but a fool is hotheaded and yet feels secure. 14:16
Wisdom reposes in the heart of the discerning and even among fools she lets herself be known. 14:33
The tongue of the wise adorns knowledge, but the mouth of the fool gushes folly. 15:2
A fool spurns a parent’s discipline, but whoever heeds correction shows prudence. 15:5
The lips of the wise spread knowledge, but the hearts of fools are not upright. 15:7
The discerning heart seeks knowledge, but the mouth of a fool feeds on folly. 15:14
Prudence is a fountain of life to the prudent, but folly brings punishment to fools. 16:22
A rebuke impresses a discerning person more than a hundred lashes a fool. 17:10
Better to meet a bear robbed of her cubs than a fool bent on folly. 17:12
A discerning person keeps wisdom in view, but a fool’s eyes wander to the ends of the earth. 17:24
Even fools are thought wise if they keep silent, and discerning if they hold their tongues. 17:28
Fools find no pleasure in understanding but delight in airing their own opinions. 18:2
The lips of fools bring them strife, and their mouths invite a beating. 18:6
The mouths of fools are their undoing, and their lips are a snare to their very lives. 18:7
Do not speak to fools, for they will scorn your prudent words. 23:9
Wisdom is too high for fools; in the assembly at the gate they must not open their mouths. 24:7
Like snow in summer or rain in harvest, honor is not fitting for a fool. 26:1
A whip for the horse, a bridle for the donkey, and a rod for the backs of fools! 26:3
Sending a message by the hands of a fool is like cutting off one’s feet or drinking poison. 26:6
Like the useless legs of one who is lame is a proverb in the mouth of a fool. 26:7
Like tying a stone in a sling is the giving of honor to a fool. 26:8
Like a thornbush in a drunkard’s hand is a proverb in the mouth of a fool. 26:9
Like an archer who wounds at random is one who hires a fool or any passer-by. 26:10
As a dog returns to its vomit, so fools repeat their folly. 26:11
Do you see a person wise in their own eyes? There is more hope for a fool than for them. 26:12
Do not answer a fool according to his folly, or you yourself will be just like him. Answer a fool according to his folly, or he will be wise in his own eyes. 26:4-5
Stone is heavy and sand a burden, but a fool’s provocation is heavier than both. 27:3
Though you grind a fool in a mortar, grinding them like grain with a pestle, you will not remove their folly from them. 27:22
Those who trust in themselves are fools, but those who walk in wisdom are kept safe. 28:26
Whoever remains stiff-necked after many rebukes will suddenly be destroyed—without remedy. 29:1
If a wise person goes to court with a fool, the fool rages and scoffs, and there is no peace. 29:9
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. 29:11
Do you see someone who speaks in haste? There is more hope for a fool than for them. 29:20
Under three things the earth trembles, under four it cannot bear up: a servant who becomes king, a godless fool who gets plenty to eat, a contemptible woman who gets married, and a servant who displaces her mistress. 30:21-23

A wise son heeds his father’s instruction, but a mocker does not respond to rebukes. 13:1
Do not rebuke mockers or they will hate you; rebuke the wise and they will love you. 9:8
Penalties are prepared for mockers, and beatings for the backs of fools. 19:29
If you are wise, your wisdom will reward you; if you are a mocker, you alone will suffer. 9:12
The mocker seeks wisdom and finds none, but knowledge comes easily to the discerning. 14:6
Mockers resent correction, so they avoid the wise. 15:12
When a mocker is punished, the simple gain wisdom; by paying attention to the wise they get knowledge. 21:11
Flog a mocker, and the simple will learn prudence; rebuke the discerning, and they will gain knowledge. 19:25

Does not wisdom call out? Does not understanding raise her voice? At the highest point along the way, where the paths meet, she takes her stand; beside the gate leading into the city, at the entrance, she cries aloud: “To you, O people, I call out; I raise my voice to all mankind. You who are simple, gain prudence; you who are foolish, set your hearts on it. Listen, for I have trustworthy things to say; I open my lips to speak what is right. My mouth speaks what is true, for my lips detest wickedness. All the words of my mouth are just; none of them is crooked or perverse. To the discerning all of them are right; they are upright to those who have found knowledge. Choose my instruction instead of silver, knowledge rather than choice gold, for wisdom is more precious than rubies, and nothing you desire can compare with her.” 8:1-11
Wisdom cries aloud in the street, in the markets she raises her voice; at the head of the noisy streets she cries out; at the entrance of the city gates she speaks. 1:20-21
“I, wisdom, dwell together with prudence; I possess knowledge and discretion. The Lord brought me forth as the first of his works, before his deeds of old; I was formed long ages ago, at the very beginning, when the world came to be. When there were no watery depths, I was given birth, when there were no springs overflowing with water; before the mountains were settled in place, before the hills, I was given birth, before he made the world or its fields or any of the dust of the earth. I was there when he set the heavens in place, when he marked out the horizon on the face of the deep, when he established the clouds above and fixed securely the fountains of the deep, when he gave the sea its boundary so the waters would not overstep his command, and when he marked out the foundations of the earth. Then I was constantly at his side. I was filled with delight day after day, rejoicing always in his presence, rejoicing in his whole world and delighting in mankind.” 8:12,22-31
Wisdom has built her house; she has set up its seven pillars. She has prepared her meat and mixed her wine; she has also set her table. She has sent out her servants, and she calls from the highest point of the city, “Let all who are simple come to my house!” To those who have no sense she says, “Come, eat my food and drink the wine I have mixed. Leave your simple ways and you will live; walk in the way of insight.” 9:1-6

Get wisdom, get understanding; do not forget my words or turn away from them. 4:5
Do not forsake wisdom, and she will protect you; love her, and she will watch over you. 4:6
The beginning of wisdom is this: Get wisdom. Though it cost all you have, get understanding. Cherish her, and she will exalt you; embrace her, and she will honor you. She will give you a garland to grace your head and present you with a glorious crown. 4:7-9
If you turn at my reproof, behold, I will pour out my spirit to you; I will make my words known to you. 1:23
Apply your heart to instruction and your ears to words of knowledge. 23:12
So that your trust may be in the Lord, I teach you today, even you. 22:19
Listen to advice and accept discipline, and at the end you will be counted among the wise. 19:20
Pay attention and turn your ear to the sayings of the wise; apply your heart to what I teach, for it is pleasing when you keep them in your heart and have all of them ready on your lips. 22:17-18
Buy the truth and do not sell it— wisdom, instruction and insight as well. 23:23
If you find honey, eat just enough— too much of it, and you will vomit. 25:16
It is not good to eat too much honey, nor is it honorable to search out matters that are too deep. 25:27
Do not exalt yourself in the king’s presence, and do not claim a place among his great men; it is better for him to say to you, “Come up here,” than for him to humiliate you before his nobles. What you have seen with your eyes do not bring hastily to court, for what will you do in the end if your neighbor puts you to shame? 25:6-8

The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life, and the one who is wise saves lives. 11:30
Whoever gives heed to instruction prospers, and blessed is the one who trusts in the Lord. 16:20
A prudent servant will rule over a disgraceful son and will share the inheritance as one of the family. 17:2
A good name is more desirable than great riches; to be esteemed is better than silver or gold. 22:1
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. 11:2
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the Lord, and humility comes before honor. 15:33
By wisdom a house is built, and through understanding it is established; through knowledge its rooms are filled with rare and beautiful treasures. 24:3-4
One who is wise can go up against the city of the mighty and pull down the stronghold in which they trust. 21:22
In their hearts humans plan their course, but the Lord establishes their steps. 16:9
To know wisdom and instruction, to understand words of insight, to receive instruction in wise dealing, in righteousness, justice, and equity; to give prudence to the simple, knowledge and discretion to the youth— Let the wise hear and increase in learning, and the one who understands obtain guidance, to understand a proverb and a saying, the words of the wise and their riddles. to understand a proverb and a saying, the words of the wise and their riddles. 1:2-6
Because I have called and you refused to listen, have stretched out my hand and no one has heeded, because you have ignored all my counsel and would have none of my reproof, I also will laugh at your calamity; I will mock when terror strikes you, when terror strikes you like a storm and your calamity comes like a whirlwind, when distress and anguish come upon you. Then they will call upon me, but I will not answer; they will seek me diligently but will not find me. 1:24-28
Blessed is the one who finds wisdom, and the one who gets understanding, for the gain from her is better than gain from silver and her profit better than gold. She is more precious than jewels, and nothing you desire can compare with her. Long life is in her right hand; in her left hand are riches and honor. Her ways are ways of pleasantness, and all her paths are peace. She is a tree of life to those who lay hold of her; those who hold her fast are called blessed. 3:13-18
The Lord by wisdom founded the earth; by understanding he established the heavens; by his knowledge the deeps broke open, and the clouds drop down the dew. 3:19-20
Now then, my children, listen to me; blessed are those who keep my ways. Listen to my instruction and be wise; do not disregard it. Blessed are those who listen to me, watching daily at my doors, waiting at my doorway. For those who find me find life and receive favor from the Lord. But those who fail to find me harm themselves; all who hate me love death. 8:32-36
Instruct the wise and they will be wiser still; teach the righteous and they will add to their learning. 9:9
The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom, and knowledge of the Holy One is understanding. For through wisdom your days will be many, and years will be added to your life. 9:10-11
Folly is an unruly woman; she is simple and knows nothing. She sits at the door of her house, on a seat at the highest point of the city, calling out to those who pass by, who go straight on their way, “Let all who are simple come to my house!” To those who have no sense she says, “Stolen water is sweet; food eaten in secret is delicious!” But little do they know that the dead are there, that her guests are deep in the realm of the dead. 9:13-18
Wisdom is found on the lips of the discerning, but a rod is for the back of one who has no sense. 10:13
Whoever heeds discipline shows the way to life, but whoever ignores correction leads others astray. 10:17
Sin is not ended by multiplying words, but the prudent hold their tongues. 10:19
For lack of guidance a nation falls, but victory is won through many advisers. 11:14
Whoever loves discipline loves knowledge, but whoever hates correction is stupid. 12:1
A person is praised according to their prudence, and one with a warped mind is despised. 12:8
Those who guard their lips preserve their lives, but those who speak rashly will come to ruin. 13:3
Whoever scorns instruction will pay for it, but whoever respects a command is rewarded. 13:13
The teaching of the wise is a fountain of life, turning a person from the snares of death. 13:14
The simple believe anything, but the prudent give thought to their steps. 14:15
The simple inherit folly, but the prudent are crowned with knowledge. 14:18
Whoever fears the Lord has a secure fortress, and for their children it will be a refuge. 14:26
The fear of the Lord is a fountain of life, turning a person from the snares of death. 14:27
Whoever is patient has great understanding, but one who is quick-tempered displays folly. 14:29
Whoever disregards discipline comes to poverty and shame, but whoever heeds correction is honored. 13:18
Walk with the wise and become wise, for a companion of fools suffers harm. 13:20
A king delights in a wise servant, but a shameful servant arouses his fury. 14:35
Folly brings joy to one who has no sense, but whoever has understanding keeps a straight course. 15:21
Plans fail for lack of counsel, but with many advisers they succeed. 15:22
The path of life leads upward for the prudent to keep them from going down to the realm of the dead. 15:24
Whoever heeds life-giving correction will be at home among the wise. 15:31
Those who disregard discipline despise themselves, but the one who heeds correction gains understanding. 15:32
How much better to get wisdom than gold, to get insight rather than silver! 16:16
The wise in heart are called discerning, and gracious words promote instruction. 16:21
The hearts of the wise make their mouths prudent, and their lips promote instruction. 16:23
Gray hair is a crown of splendor; it is attained in the way of righteousness. 16:31
Better a patient person than a warrior, one with self-control than one who takes a city. 16:32
The words of the mouth are deep waters, but the fountain of wisdom is a rushing stream. 18:4
The one who has knowledge uses words with restraint, and whoever has understanding is even-tempered. 17:27
The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the Lord. 16:33
To answer before listening— that is folly and shame. 18:13
The heart of the discerning acquires knowledge, for the ears of the wise seek it out. 18:15
From the fruit of their mouth a person’s stomach is filled; with the harvest of their lips they are satisfied. 18:20
The tongue has the power of life and death, and those who love it will eat its fruit. 18:21
Desire without knowledge is not good— how much more will hasty feet miss the way! 19:2
A person’s own folly leads to their ruin, yet their heart rages against the Lord. 19:3
The one who gets wisdom loves life; the one who cherishes understanding will soon prosper. 19:8
A person’s wisdom yields patience; it is to one’s glory to overlook an offense. 19:11
The purposes of a person’s heart are deep waters, but one who has insight draws them out. 20:5
Gold there is, and rubies in abundance, but lips that speak knowledge are a rare jewel. 20:15
Plans are established by seeking advice; so if you wage war, obtain guidance. 20:18
A person’s steps are directed by the Lord. How then can anyone understand their own way? 20:24
It is a trap to dedicate something rashly and only later to consider one’s vows. 20:25
The glory of young men is their strength, gray hair the splendor of the old. 20:29
Whoever strays from the path of prudence comes to rest in the company of the dead. 21:16
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. 21:23
The prudent see danger and take refuge, but the simple keep going and pay the penalty. 22:3
Many are the plans in a person’s heart, but it is the Lord’s purpose that prevails. 19:21
The wise prevail through great power, and those who have knowledge muster their strength. 24:5
Like an earring of gold or an ornament of fine gold is the rebuke of a wise judge to a listening ear. 25:12
Through patience a ruler can be persuaded, and a gentle tongue can break a bone. 25:15
Surely you need guidance to wage war, and victory is won through many advisers. 24:6
The fear of the Lord leads to life; then one rests content, untouched by trouble. 19:23
If anyone turns a deaf ear to my instruction, even their prayers are detestable. 28:9
Whoever rebukes a person will in the end gain favor rather than one who has a flattering tongue. 28:23
The prudent see danger and take refuge, but the simple keep going and pay the penalty. 27:12
Where there is no revelation, people cast off restraint; but blessed is the one who heeds wisdom’s instruction. 29:18
Let someone else praise you, and not your own mouth; an outsider, and not your own lips. 27:2
Fear of man will prove to be a snare, but whoever trusts in the Lord is kept safe. 29:25
Who has gone up to heaven and come down? Whose hands have gathered up the wind? Who has wrapped up the waters in a cloak? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is his name, and what is the name of his son? Surely you know! 30:4
The sayings of Agur son of Jakeh—an inspired utterance. This man’s utterance to Ithiel: “I am weary, God, but I can prevail. Surely I am only a brute, not a man; I do not have human understanding. I have not learned wisdom, nor have I attained to the knowledge of the Holy One. 30:1-3
Every word of God is flawless; he is a shield to those who take refuge in him. Do not add to his words, or he will rebuke you and prove you a liar. 30:5-6
The leech has two daughters. ‘Give! Give!’ they cry. There are three things that are never satisfied, four that never say, ‘Enough!’: the grave, the barren womb, land, which is never satisfied with water, and fire, which never says, ‘Enough!’ 30:15-16
Four things on earth are small, yet they are extremely wise: Ants are creatures of little strength, yet they store up their food in the summer; hyraxes are creatures of little power, yet they make their home in the crags; locusts have no king, yet they advance together in ranks; a lizard can be caught with the hand, yet it is found in kings’ palaces. 30:24-28

What the Proverbs Say about Pride and Humility

Another in my series of posts on What the Proverbs Say

Better to be lowly in spirit along with the oppressed than to share plunder with the proud. 16:19
Whoever mocks the poor shows contempt for their Maker; whoever gloats over disaster will not go unpunished. 17:5
Haughty eyes and a proud heart — the unplowed field of the wicked — produce sin. 21:4
Toward the scorners he is scornful, but to the humble he gives favor. 3:34
Do not boast about tomorrow, for you do not know what a day may bring. 27:1
There are six things the Lord hates, seven that are detestable to him: haughty eyes, a lying tongue, hands that shed innocent blood, a heart that devises wicked schemes, feet that are quick to rush into evil, a false witness who pours out lies and a person who stirs up conflict in the community. 6:16-19
Humility is the fear of the Lord; its wages are riches and honor and life. 22:4
Pride brings a person low, but the lowly in spirit gain honor. 29:23
The proud and arrogant person — “Mocker” is his name — behaves with insolent fury. 21:24
Like clouds and wind without rain is one who boasts of gifts never given. 25:14
Where there is strife, there is pride, but wisdom is found in those who take advice. 13:10
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. 11:2
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the Lord, and humility comes before honor. 15:33
A fool’s mouth lashes out with pride, but the lips of the wise protect them. 14:3
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. 16:18
Before a downfall the heart is haughty, but humility comes before honor. 18:12
The Lord tears down the house of the proud, but he sets the widow’s boundary stones in place. 15:25
The Lord detests all the proud of heart. Be sure of this: They will not go unpunished. 16:5

What the Proverbs Say about Righteousness and Wickedness

Another installment of my series on What the Proverbs Say

My son, if you receive my words and treasure up my commandments with you… Then you will understand righteousness and justice and equity, every good path; for wisdom will come into your heart, and knowledge will be pleasant to your soul; discretion will watch over you, understanding will guard you, delivering you from the way of evil, from men of perverted speech, who forsake the paths of uprightness to walk in the ways of darkness, who rejoice in doing evil and delight in the perverseness of evil, men whose paths are crooked, and who are devious in their ways. 2:1,9-15
If your enemy is hungry, give him food to eat; if he is thirsty, give him water to drink. In doing this, you will heap burning coals on his head, and the Lord will reward you. 25:21-22
Commit to the Lord whatever you do, and he will establish your plans. 16:3
To do what is right and just is more acceptable to the Lord than sacrifice. 21:3
One who loves a pure heart and who speaks with grace will have the king for a friend. 22:11
So you will walk in the way of the good and keep to the paths of the righteous. For the upright will inhabit the land, and those with integrity will remain in it, but the wicked will be cut off from the land, and the treacherous will be rooted out of it. 2:20-22
Whoever pursues righteousness and love finds life, prosperity and honor. 21:21
Let your eyes look straight ahead; fix your gaze directly before you. Give careful thought to the paths for your feet and be steadfast in all your ways. Do not turn to the right or the left; keep your foot from evil. 4:25-27
Above all else, guard your heart, for everything you do flows from it. 4:23
The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life, and the one who is wise saves lives. 11:30
Honest scales and balances belong to the Lord; all the weights in the bag are of his making. 16:11
The highway of the upright avoids evil; those who guard their ways preserve their lives. 16:17
The righteous lead blameless lives; blessed are their children after them. 20:7
Rescue those being led away to death; hold back those staggering toward slaughter. 24:11
An honest answer is like a kiss on the lips. 24:26
Like a snow-cooled drink at harvest time is a trustworthy messenger to the one who sends him; he refreshes the spirit of his master. 25:13
The one who guards a fig tree will eat its fruit, and whoever protects their master will be honored. 27:18

Do not set foot on the path of the wicked or walk in the way of evildoers. Avoid it, do not travel on it; turn from it and go on your way. For they cannot rest until they do evil; they are robbed of sleep till they make someone stumble. They eat the bread of wickedness and drink the wine of violence. 4:14-17
Charm is deceptive, and beauty is fleeting; but a woman who fears the Lord is to be praised. Honor her for all that her hands have done, and let her works bring her praise at the city gate. 31:30-31
The Lord’s curse is on the house of the wicked, but he blesses the dwelling of the righteous. 3:33
The path of the righteous is like the morning sun, shining ever brighter till the full light of day. But the way of the wicked is like deep darkness; they do not know what makes them stumble. 4:18-19
The Lord does not let the righteous go hungry, but he thwarts the craving of the wicked. 10:3
Blessings crown the head of the righteous, but violence overwhelms the mouth of the wicked. 10:6
The name of the righteous is used in blessings, but the name of the wicked will rot. 10:7
Whoever walks in integrity walks securely, but whoever takes crooked paths will be found out. 10:9
The mouth of the righteous is a fountain of life, but the mouth of the wicked conceals violence. 10:11
The wages of the righteous is life, but the earnings of the wicked are sin and death. 10:16
The tongue of the righteous is choice silver, but the heart of the wicked is of little value. 10:20
A fool finds pleasure in wicked schemes, but a person of understanding delights in wisdom. 10:23
What the wicked dread will overtake them; what the righteous desire will be granted. 10:24
When the storm has swept by, the wicked are gone, but the righteous stand firm forever. 10:25
The fear of the Lord adds length to life, but the years of the wicked are cut short. 10:27
The prospect of the righteous is joy, but the hopes of the wicked come to nothing. 10:28
The way of the Lord is a refuge for the blameless, but it is the ruin of those who do evil. 10:29
The righteous will never be uprooted, but the wicked will not remain in the land. 10:30
From the mouth of the righteous comes the fruit of wisdom, but a perverse tongue will be silenced. 10:31
The lips of the righteous know what finds favor, but the mouth of the wicked only what is perverse. 10:32
The integrity of the upright guides them, but the unfaithful are destroyed by their duplicity. 11:3
The righteousness of the blameless makes their paths straight, but the wicked are brought down by their own wickedness. 11:5
The righteousness of the upright delivers them, but the unfaithful are trapped by evil desires. 11:6
With their mouths the godless destroy their neighbors, but through knowledge the righteous escape. 11:9
The righteous person is rescued from trouble, and it falls on the wicked instead. 11:8
When the righteous prosper, the city rejoices; when the wicked perish, there are shouts of joy. 11:10
Through the blessing of the upright a city is exalted, but by the mouth of the wicked it is destroyed. 11:11
Those who are kind benefit themselves, but the cruel bring ruin on themselves. 11:17
A wicked person earns deceptive wages, but the one who sows righteousness reaps a sure reward. 11:18
Truly the righteous attain life, but whoever pursues evil finds death. 11:19
The Lord detests those whose hearts are perverse, but he delights in those whose ways are blameless. 11:20
Be sure of this: The wicked will not go unpunished, but those who are righteous will go free. 11:21
The desire of the righteous ends only in good, but the hope of the wicked only in wrath. 11:23
Whoever seeks good finds favor, but evil comes to one who searches for it. 11:27
Good people obtain favor from the Lord, but he condemns those who devise wicked schemes. 12:2
No one can be established through wickedness, but the righteous cannot be uprooted. 12:3
The plans of the righteous are just, but the advice of the wicked is deceitful. 12:5
The wicked are overthrown and are no more, but the house of the righteous stands firm. 12:7
The righteous care for the needs of their animals, but the kindest acts of the wicked are cruel. 12:10
The wicked desire the stronghold of evildoers, but the root of the righteous endures. 12:12
Deceit is in the hearts of those who plot evil, but those who promote peace have joy. 12:20
No harm overtakes the righteous, but the wicked have their fill of trouble. 12:21
The righteous choose their friends carefully, but the way of the wicked leads them astray. 12:26
In the way of righteousness there is life; along that path is immortality. 12:28
The righteous hate what is false, but the wicked make themselves a stench and bring shame on themselves. 13:5
Righteousness guards the person of integrity, but wickedness overthrows the sinner. 13:6
The light of the righteous shines brightly, but the lamp of the wicked is snuffed out. 13:9
Good judgment wins favor, but the way of the unfaithful leads to their destruction. 13:15
A wicked messenger falls into trouble, but a trustworthy envoy brings healing. 13:17
A longing fulfilled is sweet to the soul, but fools detest turning from evil. 13:19
Trouble pursues the sinner, but the righteous are rewarded with good things. 13:21
The righteous eat to their hearts’ content, but the stomach of the wicked goes hungry. 13:25
Whoever fears the Lord walks uprightly, but those who despise him are devious in their ways. 14:2
Fools mock at making amends for sin, but goodwill is found among the upright. 14:9
The house of the wicked will be destroyed, but the tent of the upright will flourish. 14:11
There is a way that appears to be right, but in the end it leads to death. 14:12
The faithless will be fully repaid for their ways, and the good rewarded for theirs. 14:14
Do not those who plot evil go astray? But those who plan what is good find love and faithfulness. 14:22
When calamity comes, the wicked are brought down, but even in death the righteous seek refuge in God. 14:32
Righteousness exalts a nation, but sin condemns any people. 14:34
The eyes of the Lord are everywhere, keeping watch on the wicked and the good. 15:3
The Lord detests the sacrifice of the wicked, but the prayer of the upright pleases him. 15:8
The Lord detests the way of the wicked, but he loves those who pursue righteousness. 15:9
The Lord detests the thoughts of the wicked, but gracious words are pure in his sight. 15:26
The heart of the righteous weighs its answers, but the mouth of the wicked gushes evil. 15:28
The Lord is far from the wicked, but he hears the prayer of the righteous. 15:29
Through love and faithfulness sin is atoned for; through the fear of the Lord evil is avoided. 16:6
Better a little with righteousness than much gain with injustice. 16:8
The name of the Lord is a fortified tower; the righteous run to it and are safe. 18:10
Better the poor whose walk is blameless than a fool whose lips are perverse. 19:1
Whoever keeps commandments keeps their life, but whoever shows contempt for their ways will die. 19:16
The way of the guilty is devious, but the conduct of the innocent is upright. 21:8
The wicked put up a bold front, but the upright give thought to their ways. 21:29
The wicked flee though no one pursues, but the righteous are as bold as a lion. 28:1
Those who forsake instruction praise the wicked, but those who heed it resist them. 28:4
Evildoers do not understand what is right, but those who seek the Lord understand it fully. 28:5
Whoever leads the upright along an evil path will fall into their own trap, but the blameless will receive a good inheritance. 28:10
Whoever conceals their sins does not prosper, but the one who confesses and renounces them finds mercy. 28:13
Blessed is the one who always trembles before God, but whoever hardens their heart falls into trouble. 28:14
The one whose walk is blameless is kept safe, but the one whose ways are perverse will fall into the pit. 28:18
Evildoers are snared by their own sin, but the righteous shout for joy and are glad. 29:6
The righteous care about justice for the poor, but the wicked have no such concern. 29:7

A wife of noble character who can find? She is worth far more than rubies. Her husband has full confidence in her and lacks nothing of value. She brings him good, not harm, all the days of her life. She selects wool and flax and works with eager hands. She is like the merchant ships, bringing her food from afar. She gets up while it is still night; she provides food for her family and portions for her female servants. She considers a field and buys it; out of her earnings she plants a vineyard. She sets about her work vigorously; her arms are strong for her tasks. She sees that her trading is profitable, and her lamp does not go out at night. In her hand she holds the distaff and grasps the spindle with her fingers. She opens her arms to the poor and extends her hands to the needy. When it snows, she has no fear for her household; for all of them are clothed in scarlet. She makes coverings for her bed; she is clothed in fine linen and purple. Her husband is respected at the city gate, where he takes his seat among the elders of the land. She makes linen garments and sells them, and supplies the merchants with sashes. She is clothed with strength and dignity; she can laugh at the days to come. She speaks with wisdom, and faithful instruction is on her tongue. She watches over the affairs of her household and does not eat the bread of idleness. Her children arise and call her blessed; her husband also, and he praises her: “Many women do noble things, but you surpass them all.” 31:10-29

Because they hated knowledge and did not choose the fear of the Lord, would have none of my counsel and despised all my reproof, therefore they shall eat the fruit of their way, and have their fill of their own devices. 1:29-31
Do not be afraid of sudden terror or of the ruin of the wicked, when it comes, for the Lord will be your confidence and will keep your foot from being caught. 3:25-26
Whoever corrects a mocker invites insults; whoever rebukes the wicked incurs abuse. 9:7
My son, if sinners entice you, do not consent. If they say, “Come with us, let us lie in wait for blood; let us ambush the innocent without reason; like Sheol let us swallow them alive, and whole, like those who go down to the pit; we shall find all precious goods, we shall fill our houses with plunder; throw in your lot among us; we will all have one purse”— my son, do not walk in the way with them; hold back your foot from their paths, for their feet run to evil, and they make haste to shed blood. For in vain is a net spread in the sight of any bird, but these men lie in wait for their own blood; they set an ambush for their own lives. Such are the ways of everyone who is greedy for unjust gain; it takes away the life of its possessors. 1:10-19
The greedy bring ruin to their households, but the one who hates bribes will live. 15:27
Death and Destruction are never satisfied, and neither are human eyes. 27:20
Do not plan evil against your neighbor, who dwells trustingly beside you. 3:29
Do not envy a man of violence and do not choose any of his ways, for the devious person is an abomination to the Lord, but the upright are in his confidence. 3:31-32
A troublemaker and a villain, who goes about with a corrupt mouth, who winks maliciously with his eye, signals with his feet and motions with his fingers, who plots evil with deceit in his heart— he always stirs up conflict. Therefore disaster will overtake him in an instant; he will suddenly be destroyed—without remedy. 6:12-15
The evil deeds of the wicked ensnare them; the cords of their sins hold them fast. For lack of discipline they will die, led astray by their own great folly. 5:22-23
Ill-gotten treasures have no lasting value, but righteousness delivers from death. 10:2
Whoever winks maliciously causes grief, and a chattering fool comes to ruin. 10:10
Hopes placed in mortals die with them; all the promise of their power comes to nothing. 11:7
If the righteous receive their due on earth, how much more the ungodly and the sinner! 11:31
A quick-tempered person does foolish things, and the one who devises evil schemes is hated. 14:17
Evildoers will bow down in the presence of the good, and the wicked at the gates of the righteous. 14:19
Stern discipline awaits anyone who leaves the path; the one who hates correction will die. 15:10
Death and Destruction lie open before the Lord— how much more do human hearts! 15:11
All a person’s ways seem pure to them, but motives are weighed by the Lord. 16:2
The Lord works out everything to its proper end— even the wicked for a day of disaster. 16:4
There is a way that appears to be right, but in the end it leads to death. 16:25
A scoundrel plots evil, and on their lips it is like a scorching fire. 16:27
A violent person entices their neighbor and leads them down a path that is not good. 16:29
Whoever winks with their eye is plotting perversity; whoever purses their lips is bent on evil. 16:30
The crucible for silver and the furnace for gold, but the Lord tests the heart. 17:3
A wicked person listens to deceitful lips; a liar pays attention to a destructive tongue. 17:4
A bribe is seen as a charm by the one who gives it; they think success will come at every turn. 17:8
Evildoers foster rebellion against God; the messenger of death will be sent against them. 17:11
Evil will never leave the house of one who pays back evil for good. 17:13
One whose heart is corrupt does not prosper; one whose tongue is perverse falls into trouble. 17:20
When wickedness comes, so does contempt, and with shame comes reproach. 18:3
A hot-tempered person must pay the penalty; rescue them, and you will have to do it again. 19:19
Who can say, “I have kept my heart pure; I am clean and without sin”? 20:9
The human spirit is the lamp of the Lord that sheds light on one’s inmost being. 20:27
A person may think their own ways are right, but the Lord weighs the heart. 21:2
The violence of the wicked will drag them away, for they refuse to do what is right. 21:7
The wicked crave evil; their neighbors get no mercy from them. 21:10
The Righteous One takes note of the house of the wicked and brings the wicked to ruin. 21:12
The wicked become a ransom for the righteous, and the unfaithful for the upright. 21:18
The sacrifice of the wicked is detestable— how much more so when brought with evil intent! 21:27
There is no wisdom, no insight, no plan that can succeed against the Lord. 21:30
In the paths of the wicked are snares and pitfalls, but those who would preserve their life stay far from them. 22:5
The eyes of the Lord keep watch over knowledge, but he frustrates the words of the unfaithful. 22:12
Do not let your heart envy sinners, but always be zealous for the fear of the Lord. There is surely a future hope for you, and your hope will not be cut off. 23:17-18
Whoever plots evil will be known as a schemer. 24:8
The schemes of folly are sin, and people detest a mocker. 24:9
If you falter in a time of trouble, how small is your strength! 24:10
If you say, “But we knew nothing about this,” does not he who weighs the heart perceive it? Does not he who guards your life know it? Will he not repay everyone according to what they have done? 24:12
Do not testify against your neighbor without cause— would you use your lips to mislead? 24:28
Do not envy the wicked, do not desire their company; for their hearts plot violence, and their lips talk about making trouble. 24:1-2
Do not lurk like a thief near the house of the righteous, do not plunder their dwelling place; for though the righteous fall seven times, they rise again, but the wicked stumble when calamity strikes. 24:15-16
Do not fret because of evildoers or be envious of the wicked, for the evildoer has no future hope, and the lamp of the wicked will be snuffed out. 24:19-20
Like a club or a sword or a sharp arrow is one who gives false testimony against a neighbor. 25:18
Like a broken tooth or a lame foot is reliance on the unfaithful in a time of trouble. 25:19
Like a north wind that brings unexpected rain is a sly tongue — which provokes a horrified look. 25:23
Like a muddied spring or a polluted well are the righteous who give way to the wicked. 25:26
Like a coating of silver dross on earthenware are fervent lips with an evil heart. 26:23
Enemies disguise themselves with their lips, but in their hearts they harbor deceit. Though their speech is charming, do not believe them, for seven abominations fill their hearts. Their malice may be concealed by deception, but their wickedness will be exposed in the assembly. 26:24-26
Whoever digs a pit will fall into it; if someone rolls a stone, it will roll back on them. A lying tongue hates those it hurts, and a flattering mouth works ruin. 26:27-28
Wounds from a friend can be trusted, but an enemy multiplies kisses. 27:6
The crucible for silver and the furnace for gold, but people are tested by their praise. 27:21
Anyone tormented by the guilt of murder will seek refuge in the grave; let no one hold them back. 28:17
The bloodthirsty hate a person of integrity and seek to kill the upright. 29:10
The poor and the oppressor have this in common: The Lord gives sight to the eyes of both. 29:13
When the wicked thrive, so does sin, but the righteous will see their downfall. 29:16
The accomplices of thieves are their own enemies; they are put under oath and dare not testify. 29:24
The righteous detest the dishonest; the wicked detest the upright. 29:27
“If you play the fool and exalt yourself, or if you plan evil, clap your hand over your mouth! For as churning cream produces butter, and as twisting the nose produces blood, so stirring up anger produces strife.” 30:32-33